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Fall Prevention

Fall Prevention

A best way to stay out of a long term care facility is to stay healthy and prevent falling down.

 

Use this booklet from the CDC to identify areas where you can reduce your risk of injury:

Check for Safety A Home Fall Prevention Checklist for Older Adults

 

Risks for Falling and What to Do About Them

Use of tranquilizers or sleeping pills (aka: benzodiazepines)

  • speak with your doctor or pharmacist about your medication and any possible side effects such as dizziness or drowsiness

 

Visual impairment

  • visit your eye doctor every year
  • bifocal or progressive lenses can give you a “swimming” feeling and effect depth perception as you walk- think about getting one pair for reading and one for walking around
  • install brighter lights throughout your home, in hallways and at the top of stairway

 

Urinary incontinence

  • speak to your doctor about sudden urges to go to the bathroom or if you are unable to get to the bathroom in time
  • ask your doctor if you can change when you take medications so you are less likely to need to go the bathroom during the night (ex: diuretics-also known as fluid or water pills)

 

Functional limitations

  • wear properly fitted shoes inside and outside (& tie your shoe laces)
  • install handrails on all stairways
  • install grab bars in the bathroom
  • use a raised toilet seat and shower bench
  • you look better using a cane or walker at home or in the community than falling down

 

Other Risk Factors

  • Lack of exercise leads to decreased muscle strength
  • Regularly do strength and balance exercises such as walk, dance, garden, bicycle (check with your doctor first)

 

Poor nutrition and dehydration can leave you weak with little energy

  • Eat healthy food from all of the food groups and drink plenty of water

 

Drinking alcohol can cause unsteadiness and slow reaction time as well as interact with medications

  • Avoid regular &/or excessive alcohol intake
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